x86 c++ exception handling

Sebastian Huber sebastian.huber at embedded-brains.de
Fri Sep 11 09:12:37 UTC 2020

On 11/09/2020 10:48, Heinz Junkes wrote:

> Here is a mail I received from a colleague.
> It concerns thereby an "old" problem which seemed already solved?
> FYI. I can run the unit tests, but I'm seeing a couple of hangs.
> The first I'm looking at is epicsTimeTest which seems to be
> related to c++ exception handling.  I recall that there were
> problems with x86 exception handling, but I also recall hearing
> that this was fixed.
> ...
>> ***** Starting EPICS application *****
>> 1..212
>> ok  1 - epicsTime_gmtime() for EPICS epoch
>> ok  2 - nanosecond overflow throws
> ... hangs ...
> Attaching debugger shows:
>> Program received signal SIGINT, Interrupt.
>> libat_fetch_add_4 (mptr=0x757730, opval=4294967295, smodel=5) at ../../../../gcc-7.5.0/libatomic/fop_n.c:44
>> 44      ../../../../gcc-7.5.0/libatomic/fop_n.c: No such file or directory.
>> (gdb) bt
>> #0  libat_fetch_add_4 (mptr=0x757730, opval=4294967295, smodel=5) at ../../../../gcc-7.5.0/libatomic/fop_n.c:44
>> #1  0x003b07fc in __gnu_cxx::__exchange_and_add (__val=-1, __mem=0x757730)
>>     at /home/mdavidsaver/source/rtems/rtems-source-builder-5.1/rtems/build/i386-rtems5-gcc-7.5.0-newlib-7947581-x86_64-linux-gnu-1/build/i386-rtems5/mpentiumpro/libstdc++-v3/include/ext/atomicity.h:49
>> #2  __gnu_cxx::__exchange_and_add_dispatch (__val=-1, __mem=0x757730)
>>     at /home/mdavidsaver/source/rtems/rtems-source-builder-5.1/rtems/build/i386-rtems5-gcc-7.5.0-newlib-7947581-x86_64-linux-gnu-1/build/i386-rtems5/mpentiumpro/libstdc++-v3/include/ext/atomicity.h:82
>> #3  __gnu_cxx::__eh_atomic_dec (__count=0x757730) at ../../../../../gcc-7.5.0/libstdc++-v3/libsupc++/eh_atomics.h:72
>> #4  __gxx_exception_cleanup (code=_URC_FOREIGN_EXCEPTION_CAUGHT, exc=0x757770)
>>     at ../../../../../gcc-7.5.0/libstdc++-v3/libsupc++/eh_throw.cc:46
>> #5  0x003ad9cb in _Unwind_DeleteException (exc=0x757770) at ../../../../gcc-7.5.0/libgcc/unwind.inc:271
>> #6  0x003af8d0 in __cxxabiv1::__cxa_end_catch () at ../../../../../gcc-7.5.0/libstdc++-v3/libsupc++/eh_catch.cc:125
>> #7  0x001012fd in epicsTimeTest () at ../epicsTimeTest.cpp:116
>> (gdb)

There is also an associated ticket:


I think the i386 BSPs need to be cleaned up to use an instruction set 
which fits current the x86 hardware. I mean hardware which is still in 
use and not some stuff from the 1990s.

For example if I compile this test

#include <stdatomic.h>

int add(atomic_int *i, int v)
         return atomic_fetch_add(i, v);

on my Linux machine, I get:

gcc -O2 -S -o - test.c -m32
         .file   "test.c"
         .p2align 4,,15
         .globl  add
         .type   add, @function
         movl    4(%esp), %edx
         movl    8(%esp), %eax
         lock xaddl      %eax, (%edx)
         .size   add, .-add
         .ident  "GCC: (SUSE Linux) 7.5.0"
         .section        .note.GNU-stack,"", at progbits

There is no call to libatomic.

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