TCP/IP packet fragmentation issue

Thomas Doerfler Thomas.Doerfler at
Fri May 18 20:54:04 UTC 2012


obviously you have investigated the problem on application level very
thoroughly. I have no idea right now what might be the reason for your
system's behaviour, but it would help if you could provide some more

- which rtems version are you using?
- how do you configure the networking stack? There should be a few data
structures in the Init module of your application, appending them to
your mail might give more insight.



Am 18.05.2012 22:47, schrieb João Paulo Scalão Martins:
> Hello friends, how are you doing?
> I'm working with a RTEMS-based system on a Single Board Computer,
> (Advantech PC104 - PCM 4153). The processor is the AMD Geode LX800. The
> system requires ethernet TCP/IP communication between the SBC and a
> Linux Destop. To implement this issues, I used the fxp driver (found in
> libbsdport library), because the network chip is the Intel 82551 ER.
> The software was written, and it all worked out in the initial tests.
> The communication between the SBC and the Linux (client) was efficient
> and stable. However, the TCP/IP packets changed were very small in size,
> 15 bytes. Our system can, eventually, send and receive packets of 250 or
> more bytes of data. I decided to do a test to see these situations. 
> That's when the trouble began. I wrote several programs, some very
> simple (echo client-server), other more complex (four tasks), and all
> had the same problem of *_packet fragmentation_*. I analyzed the
> communication with a sniffer (Wireshark) and I will describe the
> observations: 
>   * As long as the data packets were smaller than 95 bytes, the
>     connection was perfect. The period of one single iteration was about
>     150 microsseconds.
>   * When the SBC-RTEMS needs to send more than 95 bytes, the data is
>     fragmented on 2 frames. The first has *_96 bytes_*, and the second
>     has the remaining. For the application level, this issue is
>     transparent, BUT, between one frame and another, the elapsed time is
>     about 40 milliseconds, whereas in the previous situation, it was
>     about 150 microsseconds. Finally, the speed of the system dropped
>     dramatically.
>       o Detail: the second frame is sent only a few microsseconds after
>         the client (Linux Desktop) sends an ACK packet.
>   * When the stream of data is bigger than 200 bytes (I don't exactly
>     this number) the system collapses. The SBC can even send the large
>     packets in one frame, but after a few minutes, some retransmitions
>     occurs (from both parts) and the connection undergoes a reset.
> I looked for a similar problem in the RTEMS mailing list, and found the
> following
> topic: 
> But the numerical values are a bit different, and I didn't found the files.
> I apologize if maybe my problem is not related to RTEMS and is just a
> communication problem. However, we have done tests on the same hardware
> with other operating systems (Linux, NetBSD) and the communication was
> stable and efficient. Even with RTEMS, I made several types  of
> programs, but the problem remained the same.
> Thanks for your help!
> Best regards from Brazil.
> Joao Paulo Martins
> */Brazilian Synchrotron Light Laboratory - LNLS <>/*
> _______________________________________________
> rtems-users mailing list
> rtems-users at

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Thomas Doerfler
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